Thursday, December 5, 2019
Conduct and Create Expert Interviews Ã¢â¬ Free Samples to Students
Question: Discuss about the Conduct and Create Expert Interviews. Answer: Introduction: Interviews are an important tool in research. An interview is a conversation between two or more individuals where questions are asked by the interviewer with the aim of obtaining information from the interview. An expert interview refers to an interview in which the respondent is an expert in his or her field of study (Expert Interview, n.d.). This kind of interview can be done either one-on-one or in a large group and can either be informal or formal held over the phone, by email or face-to-face. On the other hand, a desk interview research refers to the process of reviewing previous interviews in order to gain a broad understanding of information within a given field of study. Noteworthy, both interview methods are useful in obtaining information during the research process. It is noteworthy that expert comprises of a session between the researcher and the interviewee. They are a form of explanatory research technique that is used to gather primary data on a specific area of study. Various steps are followed when conducting an expert interview. The first step involves the process of determining what kind of expert is needed for that particular interview (Palm, 2015). After deciding on the experts to be interviewed, give them a preview of the types of questions that the researcher will be asking and let them know how long the interview will take. The third step involves choosing experts with different points of views in order to get a diverse opinion on the subject matter (Marcello, 2014). On the day of the interview, the researcher is expected to ask smart and researched questions during the interaction. It is also important to record the interviewees responses either through writing or using a recorder. On the other hand, a desk interview is conducted n ot for purposes of collecting data but to review previous interviews within the same field of study in order to gain a better understanding of the subject matter (Desk Research, n.d.). Importance of the interviews By and large, both types of interviews are important sources of information in a research study. As a whole, expert and desk interviews are important because they allow the interviewer to collect useful information and data about a particular topic. In the case of expert interviews, the researcher can obtain a greater insight about a specific area of study in which the expert has specialized. In turn, this allows the researcher to gain vast knowledge on the subject matter to help in making conclusions for the research. In addition, an expert interview allows the researcher to ask more detailed questions to the respond and even seek clarification in areas that are not clear (Hartman, 2017). Consequently, this ensures that the information gathered during the study is well understood and can be applied to make informed decisions for the research. Furthermore, both expert and desk interviews are important because the respondents of the study cannot be influenced by external factors (DeFr anzo, 2014). Therefore, the information gathered in the study is largely accurate and concise, and can be used in analysis. Despite the various advantages associated with desk and expert interviews, it is worth pointing out that there have various disadvantages. Firstly, conducting these interviews can be very time-consuming. Mainly, this is because the interview process requires setting up the interview, conducting the actual interview, transcribing and analyzing the interview results before reporting, providing feedback and interpreting the results of the interview. Besides, the interpretation of information from the interviews is subject to personal opinion as different interviewers may understand and interpret the information from interviews differently. The research process adopted for this study will take into consideration the ethical implications of the study. Primarily, the ethical concerns and implications take into consideration whether or not the research will bring harm to the participants of the study, whether an express consent is obtained from the interviewee before we begin the interviewing process, if there are any cases of deception is involved in the process of interviewing, and whether there is an invasion of the privacy of the respond (Bryman and Bell, 2015, p.128). It is worth noting that the study we conduct will not break any ethical or moral rules. Precisely, this implies that before conducting the interviews, the researchers will obtain consent from the respondents and ensure their willingness to take part in the process. Additionally, the interviewer will preserve the privacy of its respondents by not revealing personal information during reporting and preserve their anonymity. Furthermore, the study will not result in the harming of the interviewee in any way. Reference List Bryman, A. and Bell, E. (2015). Business Research Methods. 4th ed. London: Oxford University Press, p.128. Defranzo, S. (2014). The Advantages and Disadvantages of Face-to-Face Data Collection. [online] Snap Surveys. Available at: https://www.snapsurveys.com/blog/advantages-disadvantages-facetoface-data-collection/ [Accessed 11 Apr. 2018]. Desk research: the what, why and how. [online] User Focus. Available at: https://www.userfocus.co.uk/articles/desk-research-the-what-why-and-how.html [Accessed 11 Apr. 2018]. Expert Interview. [online] Knowledge Sharing Toolkit. Available at: https://www.kstoolkit.org/Expert+Interview [Accessed 11 Apr. 2018]. Expert-interview. [online] Design Kit. Available at: https://www.designkit.org/methods/43 [Accessed 11 Apr. 2018]. Hartman, D. (2017). What Are the Advantages Disadvantages of Interviews?. [online] Bizfluent. Available at: https://bizfluent.com/about-7536454-advantages-disadvantages-interviews.html [Accessed 11 Apr. 2018]. Marcello, P. (2014). How to Conduct Create Content from Expert Interviews. [online] SEMRush Blog. Available at: https://www.semrush.com/blog/conduct-create-content-expert-interviews/ [Accessed 11 Apr. 2018]. Palm, T. (2015). Conducting Expert-interviews: some dos and donts. [online] Socializing Science. Available at: https://socializingsciencevu.com/2015/05/08/conducting-expert-interviews-some-dos-and-donts/ [Accessed 11 Apr. 2018].